Jewish prayer is a complex, multi-layered activity. The sages refer to prayer as avodah, service, the same term used to describe the sacrificial service in the Holy Temple. However, since the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 C.E., prayer has become our primary means of “connecting” with God.

But avodah also means work–giving something of ourselves to God. But what benefit could God derive from our prayers? How do our prayers serve the Divine? The Hebrew word l’hitpallel means to pray. The root word is pallel, which actually means to judge, clarify, differentiate or decide. In the reflexive tense of the word–l’hitpallel, the subject acts upon him/herself. Prayer, therefore, is about self-definition and establishing some level of personal inner clarity. During prayer, one is able to clarify his/her relationship with God and with the world, thus opening a clearer channel of communication with the Divine.

The prayers that the sages chose to make up the daily service were selected because they were considered to be the most effective means of focusing a person’s thoughts to create the proper relationship with God.

This is all the more so with regard to the prayers that make up the liturgy of the High Holidays. Yom Kippur is unique in that there are five separate prayer services (instead of the usual four on Shabbat and Yom Tov), and while some of the prayers repeat themselves, each repetition provides us with an opportunity to discover new understanding in the meaning of that prayer.

Check It Out: Jewish Treats is proud to present our new prayer section that is found below the Action of the Day. This section will introduce and briefly explain some of the most common prayers in the Jewish liturgy. Mondays will continue to feature the Shema–the ultimate expression of the Jewish faith. Tuesdays will feature blessings over foods. Wednesdays will highlight some of the morning blessings. On Thursdays the prayers of the silent Amidah (Shemoneh Esrei) will be explained. Finally, Fridays will review prayers from the Shabbat evening service. Enjoy, and please feel free to share your feedback with us.