The mitzvah of making a blessing after food is a direct Torah commandment. “You will eat and be satisfied, and bless the Lord your God for the good land which He has given you” (Deuteronomy 8:10). However, we only recited the full Grace After Meals/Birkat Ha’mazon after eating a meal with bread. Otherwise one makes a bracha acharona, a final blessing. For most fruits, all vegetables and the foods over which one recites a she’ha’kol blessing, the bracha acharona is referred to as Bo’ray Ne’fah’shoat:

Ba’ruch Ah’tah Ah’doh’nai Eh’lo’hay’nu Melech ha’o’lam bo’ray ne’fah’shoat rah’boat v’chesro’nan ahl kohl mah sheh’ba’rata l’ha’chayot ba’hem nefesh kohl chai. Ba’ruch chay ha’olamim.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who creates the many forms of life and their needs. For all You have created to sustain the life of all that lives, blessed be He, Giver of life to the worlds.

–Translation reproduced with permission from The Koren Sacks Siddur,
© Koren Publishers Jerusalem Ltd.