Blessing the Bread (Ha’Motzee)
Two complete loaves of bread, called challah, are used for ha’mo’tzee, the blessing over the bread. The challah should be covered from before Kiddush until everyone is ready for the blessing over the challah following the ritual hand washing. The person making the blessing over the challah makes a gentle knife mark on the challah that will be eaten first and then raises both challot and recites the blessing. The marked challah is then cut, dipped in salt (just a pinch) and distributed to everyone at the table.
Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.
Ba’ruch Ah’tah Ah’doh’nai Eh’lo’hay’nu Melech ha’o’lam ha’motzee lechem min ha’aretz.